Present Simple, Present Continuous & Present Perfect

Ask your language trainer to give you further expalnation.

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (1ST FORM OF THE VERB) Is used to express:

  1. Habitual actions (+often, usually, never, every day, in the morning, on Sundays) ex: My mother usually goes to the market place on Sunday mornings.
  2. General truths or characteristics.  ex: The Earth moves round the Sun.
  3. Momentary actions, completed almost at the same time they are performed (demonstrations, ceremonies, TV commentaries, announcements, headlines) ex: Bill gets out of bed,comes downstage a bit, and stands attentively.
Present Simple –Affirmative Present Simple – Interrogative Present Simple – Negative
  • I work.
  • You work.
  • He works.
  • She works.
  • It works.
  • We work.
  • You work.
  • They work.
  • Do I work?
  • Do you work?
  • Does he work?
  • Does she work?
  • Does it work?
  • Do we work?
  • Do you work?
  • Do they work?
  • I don’t work.
  • You don’t work
  • He doesn’t work
  • She doesn’t work
  • It doesn’t work
  • We don’t work
  • You don’t work
  • They don’t work

 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (TO BE + VB + ING) Is used to express:

  1. An action happening at the moment of speaking (the action has duration and it is not completed) ex: I am not wearing a coat as it isn’t cold.
  2. An action that extends over a (slightly) longer period of time, including the time of speaking. ex: I am reading a novel by John Fowels.
  3. A temporary limited action (+an adverbial indicating present time). ex: I live in Brașov but I’m living in Bucharest this year.// Why are you being rude?

 

Present Continuous –Aff. Present Continuous – Interrog. Present Continuous – Negative
  • I am working.
  • You are working.
  • He is working. She is working. It is working.
  • We are working.
  • You are working.
  • They are working.
  • Am I working?
  • Are you working?
  • Is he working? Is she working Is it working?
  • Are we working?
  • Are you working?
  • Are they working?
  • I’m not working.
  • You’re not working.
  • He’s not working. She’s not working. It’s not working.
  • We’re not working.
  • You’re not working.
  • They’re not working.

 

THE PRESENT PERFECT (HAVE/HAS + V3-past participle) IS USED TO DESCRIBE

  • An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. I have lived in Bucharest since 1992 (= and I still do.)
  • An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. She has been to the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn’t over yet.)
  • A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. We have visited Portugal several times.
  • An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by ‘just’. I have just finished my work.
  • An action when the time is not important. He has read ‘War and Peace’. (= the result of his reading is important)

Important note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the simple past.

 

Present Perfect – Affirmative Present Perfect- Interrogative Present Perfect- Negative
  • I have worked.
  • You have worked.
  • He has worked.
  • She has worked.
  • It has worked.
  • We have worked.
  • You have worked.
  • They have worked.
  • Have I worked?
  • Have you worked?
  • Has he worked?
  • Has she worked?
  • Has it worked?
  • Have we worked?
  • Have you worked?
  • Have they worked?
  • I haven’t worked.
  • You haven’t worked.
  • He hasn’t worked.
  • She hasn’t worked.
  • It hasn’t worked.
  • We haven’t worked..
  • You haven’t worked.
  • They haven’t worked.

 

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